Honest Myth:Aztec- The Five Suns

The story I am about to tell you is extremely confusing, and I will do my best to organize it so it can be understood.

Who are the players?

  • Ometeotl is the Dual God representing every side, both man/woman and good/bad and darkness/light and so on…
  • Cipactli is a giant serpent who carried the universe on her body.
  • Tezcatlipoca is the God of the North, Temptation, Jaguars (sometimes tigers, but I think that is just a translation difference), Sorcery, and Discord. He was the chosen god, meant to become the sun.
  •  Huizilopochtli is the God of the South, Sun, War, and Human Sacrifice. He wages war with the stars each day and night.
  • Xipe Totec is the God of the West, and Life-Death-Rebirth. He was one of the four original gods (cardinal directions).
  • Tlaloc is the God Rain, Fertility, and Water. He remarried after his first wife left him.
  • Chalchiuhtlicue is the Goddess of Water, and her name is ‘she of the jade skirt’. She is a loving Goddess.
  • Quetzalcoatl is the God of the East, Light, Mercy, Mankind, and Justice. He seems to be the yin to Tezcatlipoca’s yang, meaning they are both opposites and similar, enemies at times and friends.
  • Xochiquetzal is the Goddess of Beauty, Female Sexuality, Childbirth, and Weaving/Embroidery. She was Tlaloc’s first wife.
  • Tecucizlecatl is the son of Tlaloc and Chalchiuhtlicue.
  • Tzitzimimeh are female deities of the stars. They are often described as demons.
  • Itzpapalotl is the warrior Goddess of the Moon.
Water Deity (Chalchihuitlicue), 15th–early 16th century. Photo from www.METmuseum.org

Water Deity (Chalchihuitlicue), 15th–early 16th century. Photo from http://www.METmuseum.org

Story:

In the begining there was nothing, but Ometeotl created him/herself. Now with the ability to create and destroy, Ometeotl gave birth to four gods: Tezcatlipoca, Huizilopochtli, Quetzalcoatl, and Xipe Totec. The four cardinal gods began to create beings, but each creature was lost in the void and swallowed by Cipacti. The Gods waged a great battle against her (in which she ate the foot of Tezcatlipoca), and tore her body into many pieced. He head became the thirteen heavens, her tail the underworld, her body the Earth, her eyes the caves, her hair the plants, and her mouth the river. With her destruction many other gods were also made. Now with the universe set up, a sun was needed, but to create one a god had to be sacrificed.

  • First Sun – Four Jaguars
    • Tezcatlipoca became the first sun, but because of his missing foot he was to weak. This caused him to only become half a sun. The gods then used ash to create giants and fed them acorns. The sun lasted 676 days, Quetzalcoatl began to fight with Tezcatlipoca. He knocked the sun out if the sky, and in anger, Tezcatlipoca became a jaguar killing all the life on the Earth.
  • Second Sun – Four Winds
    • Quetzalcoatl then became the sun and created humans who lived on pinon nuts. The sun lasted 364 years, but soon the people became corrupt. They stopped worshiping the Gods, and in anger, Tezcatlipoca turned the humans into monkeys as punishment, Quetzalcoatl loved his humans, even when being insubordinate, and thus he was very angry with what Tezcatlipoca had done. Upset, he sent a great hurricane which killed those living in Earth.
  • Third Sun – Four Rains
    • With both of the great gods obviously unable to remain civil with each other when given the chance to be the sun, Tlaloc became the next sun. This sun lasted 312 years, but Tezcatlipoca was jealous. Unhappy that he did not get the role he was chosen for, he seduced Xochiqutzal (some say she was kidnapped and forced to marry him). Tlaloc became depressed and was so hurt he stopped all the rain from falling on to the Earth. The people begged for the drought to end, and in anger, he sent down rain of fire. This killed most of the people, and some others were transformed into birds.
  • Fourth Sun – Four Waters
    • Tlaloc stepped down as the sun, and Chalchiutlicue (Tlaloc’s second wife and/or sister) became the new sun. Man was recreated, this time from the ash left from the fire rain, and the sun lasted 676 years. But of course it had to end, and there are two stories as to how:
      • Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca were jealous of no longer being the sun. Together they struck her down, and as she fell so did water, flooding the Earth.
      • Tezcatlipoca was jealous of no longer being the sun, so he declared that Chalchiuhtlicue’s love for man was false. This hurt her, for her love of mankind was genuine, and she began to weep flooding the Earth.
    • Many died, and others became fish.
  • Fifth Sun – Four Earthquakes
    • The world was left in darkness and the Gods had to pick a new sun. Tecucizlecatl was young and strong, so he was the chosen candidate. But when it came time to jump into the sacrificial fire, he became cowardly. Nanahuatzin, a humble God, stepped in with out fear, and the Gods approving of his dedication rejoiced. But Tecucizlecatl, ashamed and angry (for he want to be immortalized as the sun), jumped in afterwards. Now there were two suns in the sky, and the world began to die by the heat. The Gods threw a rabbit at Tecucizlecatl’s face causing him to dim and become the moon. But Nanahuatzin was not moving, still burning the Earth below. Each god made a sacrifice of their own blood to create the winds to move him around the Earth. 
    • Quezalcoatl then went to the underworld and took the bones of his dead beloved humans. Dipping them in his own blood, he resurrected them into man.
    • The Tzitzimitl were jealous of the sun, and each night, they battle along side Itzpapalotl against Huitzilopochtli. Each night they advance (thus the stars and moon become brighter) and each day they fall back (thus the sun is brighter).
    • This sun is said to one day be destroyed by an earthquake. It is our sun now.

I hope you enjoyed!

-Blog Barista

Check it out:

Edited by Grimal, Pierre. Larousse World Mythology. London: The Hamlyn Publishing Group Limited, 1965, pp. 462-463. Print.

Hohohohohohohohohohohoho

Hohohohohohohohohohohoho

Advertisements

Honest Myth:American- The Princess that Wore a Rabbit Skin Dress

This is not part of the Holiday themed marathon. Instead, I had this myth lying around and figured it would be nice to write a buttload of posts now before school comes back again. Anyways I think that this will be an enjoyable myth for everyone so here it is. It is an American folklore, what I mean by this is that the myth is from the United States (but from any Amerindian tribes).

There are many myths that seem extremely similar to this one including Allerlerauh, and many of the components may be a mixture of them.

If you know who the artist is please leave a comment down below.

If you know who the artist is please leave a comment down below.

A woman married her third husband, the King of the country, he was very abusive and soon she became very sick. He promised her he would not marry again unless the next woman was as beautiful as her. After her death, he search everywhere for a woman suitable to marry, but could find no one. He soon realized that the only woman who qualified was his wife’s young daughter (in some versions she is the child of either the first or second husband, but for some he is her legit father. Which, I find a little disturbing).

To avoid the marriage with her father (or step father) the young princess asked him for a special wedding gift. She asked for a silver dress like the moon, a dress with pearls and diamonds that was dazzling like the stars, and a golden shimmering dress like the sun. The first took one year and six months to make, the second two years and six months, and the last took three years and six months. Lastly, once all was made, she asked for a homely dress/coat made of rabbit fur (or of a mixture of different animal furs, but what is important is that it is a poor looking piece of clothing that she can wear over an outfit for warmth). The night before the wedding, she took a golden ring, a spindle, and a reel, and left her home on her mare. The young princess lived in the neighboring forest until she was found by the Prince of the Kingdom near by, as he went hunting.

She was given a job in the kitchen, and all the staff ridiculed her by telling her that all she needs are rabbit ears to become a true rabbit. The prince held a ball and she sneaked to the dance dressed in her silver dress. The prince fell in love with her, and next morning she slipped the golden ring into his soup. When he asked the staff, everyone denied having placed the ring in his food (including the girl in the rabbit skin dress). For the next ball, the young princess went again dressed in her pearl and diamond dress and spoke to him all night. The next day, she slipped the spindle into his food again. Yet still, the prince could not find the culprit. For the third dance, she went in her shimmering gold dress and danced all night with the prince. As they danced, he placed the ring onto her finger with out her noticing, and he also made the ball last a little longer than usual.

Because of this, the girl had to hurry to the kitchen and did not get enough time to change. So she threw her rabbit skin dress over the gold and prepared the prince’s soup. When she handed him the food, he caught her hand and found the ring on her finger. She pulled away in shock and her rabbit skin dressed slipped slightly, revealing a peak of her golden dress. He pulled the mantle off, and her dress was exposed. Knowing her identity, they married and lived happily ever after.

Learn more here: www.sacred-texts.com/neu/grimm/ht27.htm

-Blog Barista

4

Honest Myth:Mohawk- Monster Bear

Native American Warrior by sykohyko on deviantART.

Native American Warrior by sykohyko on deviantART.

Long ago in a Mohawk village, by the Oswego River, a group of hunters discovered the tracks of an extraordinary bear one that would soon be known as the Monster Bear. The tracks circled around the entire village, and the animals in that area soon began to disappear.

After much time, the Mohawks began to suffer a famine. One of their chiefs (fun fact: Mohawk chiefs were always men, but women were the only ones to vote on who the chief would be) called upon the hunters and urged them to kill the Monster Bear. The party of warriors went out tracking the bear, and followed him deep into the snowy wilderness. One day, after many, they finally come across him and showered arrows in his direction, but none could pierce his hide. The angry bear charged at them, and killed all, but two, who fled back to the village to tell the village council.

They told them how the bear was giant and deformed. That it had many bald spots, but that when it ate the human flesh of the warriors, its hair began to fall out.

Many parties were sent, again and again, to destroy the Monster Bear, but all failed. And as time passed, forest animals became more and more scarce. Many died of starvation and disease, and those who lived lived with fear as the tracks crept closer and closer to the village. Most nights, deep with in the forest loud coughs could be heard from the demon bear.

Then one night, a young man had a dream that he and his brothers tracked and killed the Monster Bear, but he told no one of his dream. The next night the young man’s brother had the same dream, and he too told no one. On the third night, the third brother also had the dream, and he told his brothers. Seeing that they all shared the dream, they believed it must be true and set out to hunt down the bear.

They followed the Monster Bear’s tracks across the Earth for many moons until they came upon the end of the world. There they found the giant hairless bear, and it leaped into the heavens. With out fear, the three brothers followed the bear into the sky where they can still be seen in the winter (Great Dipper).
Every autumn, the bear tires down because he wishes to hibernate. When that happens, the three brothers catch up close enough to shoot arrows into the soles of his feat. His blood drips and paints the leaves red and yellow for autumn, and he begins to run again to try and escape.

Want to learn more, check it out here: http://www.native-languages.org/naked-bear.htm

-Blog Barista

tumblr_m3t5omaJm21r3c09go1_500

And the Monster Bear was all like “Yolo”

Honest Myth:Brazilian- Boto Cor de Rosa

Today’s legend features one of my favorite folklore from Brazil. The Boto Cor de Rosa is the legend of the pink dolphins in the Amazonian river. There are real dolphins with a pinkish tint (because of the food they eat), and this is the legend of the magical qualities of the dolphins. The dolphins are said to be enchanted shape-shifters that become young beaus at night and seduce women.

The legend goes that Amazon Pink Dolphin becomes attractive young men each evening to go to parties. He looks for parties to go have fun at and pick up young ladies. After seducing them and staying the night together, he disappears and goes back to the river. When they change, the dolphins become very handsome dressing in all white suits. When they become men, they still have traces of their dolphin self. The pink dolphin still have the blowhole on the top of the head. To hide that they always wear white hats similar to zoot-hats.Untitled

The actual story goes that near the river banks lived an indigenous family with an 18 year old daughter Rosita. Everyday she would go down to the river to do chores like wash clothing. One day as she went to collect water, Rosita decided to dive into the river for a swim. As she swam, a young man appeared sitting at the edge of the river. They started to talk, the young man told Rosita that he was a fisherman and after some time she fell in love with him. Together the spent the night.

Every night from then on, they met at the same spot. It began to worry her family, so her father confronted her. Rosita told him that she was in love and wanted to marry a young fisherman. The father agreed and invited the young man to stay the night. The father noticed that the man would leave every morning coming back only in the evening. Yet one fateful night, the dolphin forgot to wake before dawn, so when Rosita woke she found a pink dolphin in her bed. He tried to escape, but the father shot him with a shot gun killing the dolphin. The man never came back, and Rosita began to believe that he left her. Worst of all, she was pregnant. Nine months later, Rosita died giving birth, and the father found that the baby was a pink dolphin. He realized then that the fisherman was the dolphin he killed. From then on all girls were warned to avoid mysterious young men found near the river bank.

Another form of the myth, is that the dolphins were once humans that were cursed. These myths most likely arrived because of off intelligent the dolphins are. They  aid the fishermen in catching fish and are known to use their noses to help those drowning in the river. They have also been called encantados which means enchanted ones. This name is often used for any magical fairy like being that uses their powers to seduce others.

Sometimes the dolphin will seduce young girls just to have sex for a night, but in some cases he can bring her to Encante. The Encante is a paradise palace under the water, but once the person is brought here they are never able to leave.

Check it out: http://www.amazon-indians.org/page19.html

-Blog Barista

She my wanna be careful

She may wanna be careful

Honest Myth:Mayan- Ah Puch/Kisin

Captain’s Log star date seven. Today we have encountered one of the first mythical death beings to have no indication of kindness or just behavior. Known as Ah Puch, Kisin, and God A, this Mayan deity is the God of  Death, the Underworld, Putrefaction, and Flatulence. We will have to investigate further all his attributes and behaviors before deeming him an outcast in our Kindly Gods of Death Club.

In the Mayan artwork and stories, Kisin has many descriptions for his appearance. He is usually depicted as a dancing skeleton or as a bloated putrefying body with an owl’s head. Decorated in bells, he often wears a death collar/necklace adorned with the eyes (dangling off nerve cords) of the dead. At some points, he was shown to only have a skeleton’s head, but his body featured protruding ribs and sores. He is also seen holding a sacrificial knife in one hand and a cigarette in the other (classy). He is generally shown smirking. *shiver*

34ee9be1f28433b9f978df2b9fd10b12Kisin is Lord if the Underworld, ruling mostly over the ninth level of their ‘hell’ which was the worst and merciless floor. He is deeply associated with owls, who hunts at night. It was believed that if a person heard the screech of an owl, someone near by was soon destined to die. He was also connected to caves because they represented the entrances to the underworld.

During the creation of  the underworld, Kisin killed the god of sky, but he was soon resurrected. So as punishment, Kisin was sentenced to be trapped in the Underworld as it’s ruler. Out of anger and frustration, Kisin often kicks the pillars in his palace causing earthquakes above. He only escapes at night, when he comes to the surface to find his next victim. To avoid death, people were told to howl and scream in pain. Then, Kisin would think that one of his demons had dealt with the victim first.

His own personal psychopomp was an evil bird that carried messages to him about bad tidings and those meant to die. In the underworld, Kisin would burn some of the souls of those considered evil (probably more for enjoyment then for justice), and turn some of the more evil souls into his own demon pets. For fun, he enjoyed hunting doppelgangers that looked like spider monkeys of men destined to die.

In one myth, Kisin destroys the trees that the rain god Chac plants on the planet (because he is a jerk bully).

So in conclusion, Kisin goes against my whole thesis that death gods are kind and under appreciated. But I still believe he is only one of few that contradict that completely.

More of the God of Flatulence: www.allabouthistory.org/mayan-death-god-faq.htm

-Blog Barista

That Smell!!!!!

That Smell!!!!!

Daily Myth-Brazilian: Curupira

So everyday at about midnight I post one of these, but it seems that the time listed here is a universal time or something so all the daily myths are not really labeled on the correct dates. I hope that is O.K. I just felt the need to point this out, because it really bothered me that they were not listed as the correct dates and that my time does not correspond to the WordPress one. Anyways lets talk about mythology! This one is a little bit shorter than I was hoping.

Curupira (I found this picture on pinterest, and it is so cute. But I am having difficulty finding who the artist is so if anyone knows please tell me).

Curupira (I found this picture on pinterest, and it is so cute. But I am having difficulty finding who the artist is so if anyone knows please tell me).

Curupira is a character of Brazilian folklore. It began as the folklore of the Tupi people, indigenous people of Brazil who lived near the Amazon river, and became a story of all Brazilians.

He lives with in the Amazon rain forest protecting the animals and plants with in it. A little dwarf man, Curupira is usually shown as a little kid like Saci. In most depictions, he is riding a large wild boar like creature called Collard Peccary. This is because he seems similar to another figure called the Caapora/Caipora who looks similar Curupira, but his feet are not backwards. Curupira has bright redish orange hair that looks like fire, some say green pointy, and his most distinguishing feature of feet that are turned backwards. The legends say that Curupira creates mischief for  travelers and hunters, primarily using his backwards feet to create fake footprints to confuse them. Other ways he confuses hunters is by creating loud sounds, whistling, and producing illusions so as to scare away the people.

His main goal is to protect the wildlife in the forest. He kills hunters who take to much from the forest, more than they need. His primary concern are animals who are taking care of their young.

In one small story, Curupira goes around knocking on the each tree and listening to the sound. He is checking for the tree’s firmness. If any tree seems as if it could fall soon during a storm or rough wind, he warns all the forest creatures to stay away from that area till the tree comes down. Curupira is also considered to have heightened speed when running and to be quite strong, giving him the ability to protect the forest and to be faster than the hunters.

 

Curupira from the Turma do Monica Comics (folklore edition)

Curupira from the Turma do Monica Comics (folklore edition)

 

If you wanna learn more about Curupira check out the following website: http://eyesonbrazil.com/2010/08/11/the-folkloric-curupira-protector-of-the-forest/

-Blog Barista

 

 

Adventure Time has been speaking to me on an emotional level lately.

Adventure Time has been speaking to me on an emotional level lately.

Daily Myth-Inuit: Qalupalik

Here, I introduce Qalupalik.

Qalupalik art by Joy Ang (story by Elisha

Qalupalik art by Joy Ang (story by Elisha Kilabuk)

Qalupalik is a water spirit from the folklore of indigenous  people of the Arctic. In Inuit legend, there existed a creature that abducted children that wandered to far from home. Some say she stole them so as to eat them, some say she wanted raise them as her own under the water. She is described as being humanoid with long wet hair, green skin, and long finger nails. She hums to coax the children to the edge of sea and grabs them, putting them into her amautik.

Legend of Qalupalik by Ningeokuluk Teevee (2011)

Legend of Qalupalik by Ningeokuluk Teevee (2011)

Woman wearing Amauti

Inuit Mother Carrying Baby on her Back by Lomen Brothers (1903)

Qalupalik

Qalupalik by Joy Ang

An amautik is a parka that an Inuit woman wears. She can carry her baby in a large garment attached to the back of the park. It looks as if the baby the baby is in the hood of the garment, but s/he is not.

There seems to be some debate on whether or not there are multiple Qalupalik or just one. The story of Qalupalik was told to children so as to keep them from being disobedient and wandering to close to the shore of the sea.

She is kind of like the Kappa. A water demon that steals children, the only difference is that she is not always said to eat them. Some stories have been told that Qalupalik feeds on the children’s youth to keep herself immortal. As long as there are misbehaving children that she can catch, she can stay young.

If you wish to know more about Qalupalik, there is an interesting and beautifully done short animated film I suggest seeing. The Nunavut Animation Lab created a stop motion type story of Qalupalik legend, check it out at this website: https://www.nfb.ca/film/nunavut_animation_lab_qalupalik

Joy Ang is an amazing artist, and I loved her drawings of the Qalupalik. She really brings an interesting and truly frightening (while being alarmingly  beautiful) sense to the creature. You can also see more pictures at Joy Ang’s deviantart page: http://joy-ang.deviantart.com/

-Blog Barista

 

Best Nannies

Award for Best Nannies goes to…. *drumroll*…. Qalupalik Sisters!!!! (I found this picture at a website http://www.inuitmyths.com/story_qua.htm)

 

 

Daily Myth-Brazilian: Saci Perere

For Daily Mythologies, I decided to include folklore because they are just as interesting and fun. Today’s will be another michivious little creature: Saci Perere!!!

Saci as he is depicted in the Turma de Monica (very popular comics in Brazil).

Saci as he is depicted in the Turma de Monica (very popular comics in Brazil).

Saci is one of the more famous Brazilian folklore. I remember hearing about him from a very young age. He can be found on T.V. shows, in comic books, children’s books, football (soccer) mascot, and songs. He is probably the best known character of Brazilian stories.

He is usually depicted as a young black boy, any where between the ages of about ten to thirteen, with only one leg and holes in the palms of his hands. He is black as coal, which is what his name means, and he wears a little red cap, smokes a pipe, and sometimes has on little shorts. There are some depictions of him can look a little demonic, but for the most part he is just a normal looking kid (minus a leg).

Saci is super mischievous, pulling pranks on people for chuckles. Like the Kappa he can be shown to do some deeds that are simply annoying and in some places he is shown to be malevolent, but that is rarer.

Saci Perere artwork by Elma. This is a book whose title means Legend of Saci Perere written by Marco Haurelio.

Saci Perere artwork by Elma. This is a book whose title means Legend of Saci Perere written by Marco Haurelio.

Anything simple that can occur badly in the daily life is considered Saci’s fault. If all the thread in a sewing kit is tangled, eggs go bad, food is burnt, or something is lost, then Saci did it. He is very restless, constantly moving around misbehaving with silly antics.

Saci also has magical powers that assist him in his pranks. He gains his magical abilities from his little red cap. The cap allows him to disappear and reappear where ever he likes, and though he may have only one leg he is still very nimble: he rides dust devils and tornadoes and horses with out saddles very well. He becomes a bird called the Striped Cuckoo (matita pereira) who is hard to catch and whose sad song seems to come from nowhere.

To stop Saci one has to run over a river, because he loses his powers, or throw knotted ropes onto the floor, because he will stop feeling the need to untie them. Taking Saci’s hat is like taking the Kappa’s arm. Since it is the source of his power, he will be willing to do anything for it back.

Saci depicted in the Turma do Perere somics, in which he is the main charcter.

Saci depicted in the Turma do Perere comics, in which he is the main character.

Saci’s hat is known to have a very bad smell to it, and those who take it from him gain a horrible smell that cannot be washed off.

If you want to learn more about Saci check out this website, but be sure to put it into google translate cause sadly it is not in english: http://www.infoescola.com/folclore/a-lenda-do-saci-perere

-Blog Barista

 

 

In 2005, there was an attempt to make October 31 Saci Day. This was meant to make the holiday on that day (Halloween) less European.

In 2005, there was an attempt to make October 31 Saci Day. This was meant to make the holiday on that day (Halloween) less European.