Honest Myth:Greek- Centaurs

Lapiths and Centaurs by Rubens, Peter Paul (1577-1640). I found this painting so funny

Lapiths and Centaurs by Rubens, Peter Paul (1577-1640).
I found this painting so funny

It has been quite a while since I lasted posted. I planned on writing a post based on the books I read over the summer, but I ended up reading 13 books from one series (so I didn’t have enough to talk about). Anyways, it has been about a month since school started up again, and I am actually taking a class in Ancient Greek and Roman Religion. It is a mix of classics, religion, and anthropology and does not focus much on mythology, but I really enjoy the class. Knowing I would be a little busy, I decided to pick a fairly safe culture for myths (not as much research needed).

statue-of-a-centaur

A statue of a female Centaur abducting a man (if you know who the artist is please tell me).

Centaurs are creatures with the upper body of a human being and the lower body of a horse. They were wild, savage, lustful, and usually they are depicted as men (this changed later on).

They were born from the linage of Ixion and Nephele. Ixion was the king of Lapiths and son if Ares God of War. He married Dia daughter of Deioneus. Ixion refused to pay the bride price, so Deioneus took his horses for his own. For revenge, Ixion invited Deioneus to a lavish dinner and pushed him into a bed of coal, becoming the first man to commit murder of kin. Because of this horrible act, Ixion became insane and polluted, and all the princes of near by kingdoms refused to perform the rituals to purify him. Zeus took pity on him and cleansed him on his sin, and then invited him to Olympus for a great meal. But Ixion was not grateful and lusted after Hera Queen of the Gods and Goddess of Marriage (the wife of Zeus, so technically Ixion was extremely disrespectful to his host). Zeus, angered and wanting to proof of Ixion’s contempt, created Nephele out of clouds in the shape of Hera. Ixion coaxed and slept with Nephele (thinking it was Hera), and she became pregnant with Centauros (an ugly, deformed human like man that mated with Magnesian mares on Mt. Pelion) the father of the Centaurs. Zeus was angered and cast him from Mt. Olympus, struck him with a thunderbolt, and bound him to a burning solar wheel in Tartarus for eternity.

Nephele later had twins with King Athamas, Helle and Phrixus. He later divorced her and married Ino (who hated the twins and burned all the seeds so food would not grow). When farmers feared a famine, they went to an oracle, and Ino payed them to say that only sacrifices of the twins. Right before their execution, Nephele sent a golden ram to take them away. They were told not to look down, but Helle did not listen and she fell to her death. Phrixus lived and was taken to another kingdom. That ram later became the Golden Fleece that Jason would rather take it.

Ixion also had a son name Piritheus with Dia, who later became the King of the Lapiths. On the day of his marriage to Hippodamia, the Centaurs became drunk and attempted to steal the women and children. Piritheus and Theseus led the Lapiths into a great battle known as the Centauromachy and succeeded in protecting them from abduction.

Hope you enjoyed this story, and sorry for how small the post is. Check out more here: www.pantheon.org/articles/i/ixion.html

-Blog Barista

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Honest Myth:Greek- Astraios

Astraios is the Greek Titan of the Stars, Planets, and of the Dusk (the time when the stars become visible).

His parents are Crius, a Titan connected to the constellation and the one who measures years (who was banished into Tartarus after the war between Gods and Titans), and Eurybia, a minor sea female Titan. He then married Eos, female Titan of the Dawn. Together they had many children including the Anemoi (Four Gods of the Winds and Cardinal Directions), Phosphorus God of the Morning Star (now known as Venus), Hesperus God of the Evening Star (also Venus) and the Gods of the Wandering Stars: Phainon (God of the planet now called Saturn), Phaethon (God of the planet now called Jupiter), Pyroeis God of the Midnight Star (now known as Mars), and Stilbon (God of the planet now called Mercury). Sometimes Astrea, the Goddess of Innocence and Purity, is also included as their children because she is connected to the constellation Virgo.

Either Astraios or Hesperus by Anton Raphael Mengs , 1765.

Either Astraios or Hesperus by Anton Raphael Mengs , 1765.

Astraios also has two brothers. Pallas is the Titan of War and husband of the Goddess Styx. Their children are Zelus (Glory), Nike (Victory), Kratos (Power), and Bia (Force). Astraios’s second brother is Perses, Titan of Destruction. His wife is Asteria, Goddess of Nocturnal Oracles and Falling Stars. Their child was Hectate a great Goddess of Crossroads and Sorcery.

Anyways, I could not find a specific story, but here is the family connections. I hope you enjoyed!

-Blog Barista

Feeling nostalgic

Feeling nostalgic

Honest Myth:Greek- Anemoi

Zephyrus Abducts Chloris by Henrietta Rae.

Zephyrus Abducts Chloris by Henrietta Rae.

I felt so bad for missing so much time this summer for making posts, so now I may be compensating. 😀 I just really wanted to get out a bunch of them for as long as I could, and have been planning some other posts as well. So this is the last one for today, but it also seems to be the longest one. Anyways, I also wish I had some beautiful art work of all four of the Anemoi, but sadly only two could be found.

Anemoi are the Greek Gods of the Winds and of the Cardinal Directions. They are also associated with the coming of different seasons. The Anemoi are sons of Eos, the female Titan of Dawn, and Astraios, Titan of the Stars and Planets (I thought he sounded so cool, and have an amazing picture of him. I know TheBetterCup likes Zephyrus, but she is going to love Astraios. So, I am thinking I will have another post on him soon).

The Anemoi are usually depicted as men with wings, as actual gust of winds, or as wind in the shape of stallions. Each wind tends to be slightly different, but the majority are young, winged males (not always Boreas though, may be because he is harsher and is a bearded man). They are often depicted as stallions that sweep down on mares and produce the swiftest horses.

Boreas Abducts Oreithyia by

Boreas Abducts Oreithyia by Giovanni Franceso Romanelli.

The four Anemoi are:

  1. Boreas, the God of the North Wind. He is the bringer of the harsh, cold winter winds. He is very strong, and has a violent temper. he lives in the cold northern mountains of Thrake. His breath chills the air for the winter. He kidnapped Oreithyia, an Athenian Princess, and married her. Together they had a daughter named Khione, Goddess of Snow, and two purple winged sons called the Boreades.
  2. Notos, the God of the South Wind. He is the bringer of the wet, humid summer storms. He lived in Aithiopia, the southern most realm, and was feared for he could destroy crops.
  3. Eurus, the God of the East Wind. He is the bringer of the crisp, warm autumn winds. He lived near the palace of Helios in the far East (since he was the God of the Sun and it rises in the East).
  4. Zephyrus, the God of the West Wind. He is the bringer of the gentle, fresh spring winds. He is also the most popular wind. He is married to Iris (which I talked about in another blog post). Before Iris, he had loved many other divine beings including: Podarge, a harpy, Hyacinthus, Apollo’s lover and a story for another day, and Chloris, nymph of spring and flowers. Zephyrus abducted Chloris and had a daughter named Karpos, nymph or Goddess of Fruit. When ever a god transformed a human being into a flower or plant, Chloris aided in creating the plant (such as Adonis or Naricissus or even Hyacinthus). Zephyrus also served Eros, because Eros had saved him from possibly fighting Apollo.

I hope you enjoyed!

-Blog Barista

Me and all foods...

Me and all foods…

Honest Myth:Chinese- Nu Gua

So, I actually found this goddess while pinning pictures on my mythology pinterest board. I loved this picture and started searching up Nu Gua (also known as Nu Kua or Nu Wa).

I am not sure who the artist is, but if you know please tell me.

I am not sure who the artist is, but if you know please tell me. I find this picture to be extremely beautiful.

Nu Gua is usually depicted as a young woman, with a human head and the lower body of a dragon/snake. I have seen some pictures/artwork where she is all human, but I have also seen some where she is entirely a snake with a woman’s head. Personally, I prefer the version where she has the upper body of human female.

Nu Gua is a creator Goddess, and she is credited with making the first humans from yellow earth after heaven and Earth had been separated. At first, she hand sculpted each person, but found that it was taking much to long. To shorten the task, Nu Gua took a rope, dipped it into mud, and begun swinging the rope above her head. The mud flung all around her, and splashes that occurred became the peasantry. Those that she had sculpted were the noble men.

She is also the Goddess that intermediates between man and woman, granting them children, and instituting marriage. After doing so, she married Fu Shi (Fu Xi) a cultural hero. He too is depicted with a snake body and human head. When ever he and Nu Gua are shown together, there bodies are intertwined (since they represent first union/Patriarch and Matriarch). He is her husband and brother.

She is said to be one of the Three Augusts or three  spirits that helped bring civilization to man. I am not to sure who the other two are, but I suspect Fu Xi may be one of them.

Nu Gua also seemed to save the universe. In the story, she helped restore the universe after Gong Gong, a Chinese sea demon who caused a great flood and smashed his head against a mountain a pillar holding up the sky, had destroyed it. This caused many problems such as the tearing of the sky, throwing the four cardinal points off balance, and release of the black dragon (who was water and thus the essence of the flood). Nu Gua took melted colored stones and used them to stitch together the sky (this referencing the different colors that the sky takes on). The five colored stones also helped create seasons. Then she had to cut the legs of a turtle to use as pillars for supporting the cardinal points. She later also destroyed the black dragon.

Her symbol is the compass which also represents the Earth.

I hope you enjoyed!

-Blog Barista

Check it out:

Edited by Grimal, Pierre. Larousse World Mythology. London: The Hamlyn Publishing Group Limited, 1965, pp. 285-288. Print.

This had to have made you smile!

This had to have made you smile!

Honest Myth:Celtic- Sulis

I really needed a picture, but could not find any paintings of Sulis. I picked this cause it gave a good 'Celtic' style vibe, but I have no idea who the author or subject is. If anyone knows please tell me.

I really needed a picture, but could not find any paintings of Sulis. I picked this cause it gave a good ‘Celtic’ style vibe. The art piece is called Innocence by Takato Yamamoto, a truly amazing artist.

I have been trying to keep the posts diverse, and not do too much of the same cultures (like I seemed to have been doing in the latest months). So here is a little information on an interesting goddess.

Sulis is the Celtic Goddess of hot springs and baths, especially of hot springs found at Bath, Somerset (England). Because of her connection to hot springs, Sulis is also connected to to healing waters and thus, medicine. She oversees the sacred wells and springs. These give healing and other blessings to those who pray at them. Not only can she cure people when worshiped, she can also curse others as punishment. This gave her the ability to witness oaths, catch thieves, and find objects that were lost.

She is often depicted as a young woman with bright orange hair and light pale green tinted dress, that represents the color of bath waters.

Through her name, many scholars associate her with the sun.

Sulis has also been known as the Goddess of Decisions and merged with Minerva/Athena when Romans and Celtics converged. Some symbols of Sulis include sun rays, eyes, and antlers.

Hope you enjoyed!

-Blog Barista

This site gave some incite (punny!) on Minerva in Celtic mythology: http://www.druidry.org/library/gods-goddesses/minerva

Here is a picture of the hot springs in Bath

Here is a picture of the hot springs in Bath

Honest Myth:Mbuti- Khonvum

Mythology from African cultures as where as myths from eastern European cultures tend to be the hardest ones to find more information on. I just so happen to find this God, and I really liked his role with sun light and wanted to share.

I could not find any pictures of him, sorry. I found this stockphoto, and it reminded me of  a cartoon I watched as a kid, and I figure it was cute addition.

I could not find any pictures of him, sorry. I found this stockphoto, and it reminded me of a cartoon I watched as a kid, and I figure it was cute addition.

Khonvum is the creation god in the Bambuti/Mbuti mythology of the Pygmy people in the Congos. He is believed to have created man from clay, creating different races by using different different clay colors.

Khonvum is a great god of hunt as well. He made the animals meant for hunting for man to be able to get food.

He is depicted wielding a bow of two intertwined snakes that appear to humans as a rainbow. After each sunset, he collects fragments of stars into his satchel. He then throws those pieces into the sun so as to revitalize its brilliance for the next day (this is meant to explain why the sun becomes dim at night).

To contact mankind, he will either send Gor, the God of Thunder who looks like an elephant, or he will send a chameleon (I am not sure if he changes form into one or if they are his messengers).

Hope you enjoyed!

-Blog Barista

I have been using this book a lot lately. Its real large and very helpful: Edited by Grimal, Pierre. Larousse World Mythology. London: The Hamlyn Publishing Group Limited, 1965. Print.

Just a cute gif for you.

Just a cute gif for you.

Honest Myth:Aztec- The Five Suns

The story I am about to tell you is extremely confusing, and I will do my best to organize it so it can be understood.

Who are the players?

  • Ometeotl is the Dual God representing every side, both man/woman and good/bad and darkness/light and so on…
  • Cipactli is a giant serpent who carried the universe on her body.
  • Tezcatlipoca is the God of the North, Temptation, Jaguars (sometimes tigers, but I think that is just a translation difference), Sorcery, and Discord. He was the chosen god, meant to become the sun.
  •  Huizilopochtli is the God of the South, Sun, War, and Human Sacrifice. He wages war with the stars each day and night.
  • Xipe Totec is the God of the West, and Life-Death-Rebirth. He was one of the four original gods (cardinal directions).
  • Tlaloc is the God Rain, Fertility, and Water. He remarried after his first wife left him.
  • Chalchiuhtlicue is the Goddess of Water, and her name is ‘she of the jade skirt’. She is a loving Goddess.
  • Quetzalcoatl is the God of the East, Light, Mercy, Mankind, and Justice. He seems to be the yin to Tezcatlipoca’s yang, meaning they are both opposites and similar, enemies at times and friends.
  • Xochiquetzal is the Goddess of Beauty, Female Sexuality, Childbirth, and Weaving/Embroidery. She was Tlaloc’s first wife.
  • Tecucizlecatl is the son of Tlaloc and Chalchiuhtlicue.
  • Tzitzimimeh are female deities of the stars. They are often described as demons.
  • Itzpapalotl is the warrior Goddess of the Moon.
Water Deity (Chalchihuitlicue), 15th–early 16th century. Photo from www.METmuseum.org

Water Deity (Chalchihuitlicue), 15th–early 16th century. Photo from http://www.METmuseum.org

Story:

In the begining there was nothing, but Ometeotl created him/herself. Now with the ability to create and destroy, Ometeotl gave birth to four gods: Tezcatlipoca, Huizilopochtli, Quetzalcoatl, and Xipe Totec. The four cardinal gods began to create beings, but each creature was lost in the void and swallowed by Cipacti. The Gods waged a great battle against her (in which she ate the foot of Tezcatlipoca), and tore her body into many pieced. He head became the thirteen heavens, her tail the underworld, her body the Earth, her eyes the caves, her hair the plants, and her mouth the river. With her destruction many other gods were also made. Now with the universe set up, a sun was needed, but to create one a god had to be sacrificed.

  • First Sun – Four Jaguars
    • Tezcatlipoca became the first sun, but because of his missing foot he was to weak. This caused him to only become half a sun. The gods then used ash to create giants and fed them acorns. The sun lasted 676 days, Quetzalcoatl began to fight with Tezcatlipoca. He knocked the sun out if the sky, and in anger, Tezcatlipoca became a jaguar killing all the life on the Earth.
  • Second Sun – Four Winds
    • Quetzalcoatl then became the sun and created humans who lived on pinon nuts. The sun lasted 364 years, but soon the people became corrupt. They stopped worshiping the Gods, and in anger, Tezcatlipoca turned the humans into monkeys as punishment, Quetzalcoatl loved his humans, even when being insubordinate, and thus he was very angry with what Tezcatlipoca had done. Upset, he sent a great hurricane which killed those living in Earth.
  • Third Sun – Four Rains
    • With both of the great gods obviously unable to remain civil with each other when given the chance to be the sun, Tlaloc became the next sun. This sun lasted 312 years, but Tezcatlipoca was jealous. Unhappy that he did not get the role he was chosen for, he seduced Xochiqutzal (some say she was kidnapped and forced to marry him). Tlaloc became depressed and was so hurt he stopped all the rain from falling on to the Earth. The people begged for the drought to end, and in anger, he sent down rain of fire. This killed most of the people, and some others were transformed into birds.
  • Fourth Sun – Four Waters
    • Tlaloc stepped down as the sun, and Chalchiutlicue (Tlaloc’s second wife and/or sister) became the new sun. Man was recreated, this time from the ash left from the fire rain, and the sun lasted 676 years. But of course it had to end, and there are two stories as to how:
      • Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca were jealous of no longer being the sun. Together they struck her down, and as she fell so did water, flooding the Earth.
      • Tezcatlipoca was jealous of no longer being the sun, so he declared that Chalchiuhtlicue’s love for man was false. This hurt her, for her love of mankind was genuine, and she began to weep flooding the Earth.
    • Many died, and others became fish.
  • Fifth Sun – Four Earthquakes
    • The world was left in darkness and the Gods had to pick a new sun. Tecucizlecatl was young and strong, so he was the chosen candidate. But when it came time to jump into the sacrificial fire, he became cowardly. Nanahuatzin, a humble God, stepped in with out fear, and the Gods approving of his dedication rejoiced. But Tecucizlecatl, ashamed and angry (for he want to be immortalized as the sun), jumped in afterwards. Now there were two suns in the sky, and the world began to die by the heat. The Gods threw a rabbit at Tecucizlecatl’s face causing him to dim and become the moon. But Nanahuatzin was not moving, still burning the Earth below. Each god made a sacrifice of their own blood to create the winds to move him around the Earth. 
    • Quezalcoatl then went to the underworld and took the bones of his dead beloved humans. Dipping them in his own blood, he resurrected them into man.
    • The Tzitzimitl were jealous of the sun, and each night, they battle along side Itzpapalotl against Huitzilopochtli. Each night they advance (thus the stars and moon become brighter) and each day they fall back (thus the sun is brighter).
    • This sun is said to one day be destroyed by an earthquake. It is our sun now.

I hope you enjoyed!

-Blog Barista

Check it out:

Edited by Grimal, Pierre. Larousse World Mythology. London: The Hamlyn Publishing Group Limited, 1965, pp. 462-463. Print.

Hohohohohohohohohohohoho

Hohohohohohohohohohohoho

Honest Myth:Norse- Heimdallr

Heimdallr is the god of light (his name means he who darts bright beams) and the guardian of the gods and their stronghold Asgard. He is described as one of the Aesir gods (one clan or family of gods) and is ever-vigilant, requiring less sleep than a bird. He is extremely handsome with golden teeth and skin ‘the whitest of the Gods’ because his skin is fair and pale. Heimdallr is attested as possessing foreknowledge, and the keenest eyesight and hearing. He can see a hundred miles around him, by night as well as by day, and his hearing is so accurate that he can even hear the grass grow.

He is sometimes said to be fathered by Odin, but at times he is also said to have no father. He was birthed by nine mothers who were all sisters. It is not certain whether they are the nine daughters of Aegir (the sea jotunn, jotunn being a race of people similar to gods or like titans in greek mythology). The only reason there is uncertainty is because the names do match up between both groups of seven sisters.

Heimdallr and Gjallr by 1895 illustration by Lorenz Frølich

Heimdallr and Gjallar made in 1895 by Lorenz Frølich

Born at the end of the world, he is the watchman of Asgard guarding the Bifrost, the rainbow bridge that leads to Asgard, and the entrance to the gods. His duty is to sound Gjallar, a loud horn that can be heard from heaven to earth and all the way to the lower world, if any intruders try to forcibly enter Asgard. He watches out for the begining of Ragnorak, and warns the gods of the Giant’s approach. He will fight Loki to the death (both will kill each other). He and Loki seem to be enemies, having fought before. Loki represents darkness, and thus it is the conflict of light and dark. They both contrast in their loyalties as well. Heimdallr is extremely loyal and disciplined god that never moves from his watch post. While Loki, who makes fun of Heimdallr lot in life, is only loyal to himself and chaotic. In one story, he retrieves the Brisingamen (necklace of Freyja, a great Vanir, a second clan or family of gods, Goddess) from Loki, who stole it, and battles each other as seals so as to get it.

He lives in Himinbjorg, a fortress located where the Bifrost and heaven meet, and owns a horse named Gulltopr with a golden mane. Heimdall is often associated with the ram.

He has also been called Rig (“ruler”) and created the three races of mankind: the serfs/slaves/Thrall, peasants/freemen/Karl, and warriors/nobleman/Jarl. Rig, disguised as a traveler, approached a lowly dwelling of an old couple, Ai and Edda (great-grandfather and great-grandmother respectively). They gave him coarse food and a place in the bed between them to sleep. He stayed three nights and gave them good advice. Nine months later, Edda bore an ugly son named Thrall. He was black-haired with rough skin, and thick fingers. He had a body of someone who did manual labor with swollen knuckles, short nails, a bent back, and great strength. Thrall married a wife who was equally ugly with crooked legs, sunburned body and a large nose. Together they had many kids including Noisy, Roughneck, Lazy, Fatty, and Beanpole. From them came all the thrall, the oppressed and enslaved laborers. Rig then went to a warm home of an industrious couple, Afi and Amma (grandfather and grandmother respectively). They fed him good food, and he slept between them. They also worked quite a lot, spinning thread and preparing the loom. He stayed three days with them and gave good advice. Nine months later, Amma gave birth to a bright-eyed son named Karl. Karl married a woman named Snor (daughter-in-law), and together they had many children including boys Husbandman, Smith, Prettyface, Maiden, and Capable. From them came all the karl, farmers and free peasants. Lastly, Rig entered a third splendid home of a great couple named Fadir and Modir (father and mother respectively). His wealthy hosts fed him great meals, and he slept between them as well. He stayed three days and gave good advice. Nine months later, Modir gave birth to a handsome son, named Jarl. He was skilled with the bow, spear, and sword. Rig returned once Jarl reached manhood and instructed his chosen son to fight and seize and distribute wealth. he married Erna (lively), a beautiful noblewoman, and they had 12 sons. These sons learned magic and became almost godly. From them came all the jarl, the warriors and noble class.

Hope you all enjoyed!

-Blog Barista

Check it out:

Edited by Grimal, Pierre. Larousse World Mythology. London: The Hamlyn Publishing Group Limited, 1965, pp. 380-382. Print.

 

'Go!!!' and check out more if you enjoyed this. :D

😀

Honest Myth:Arabian/Islamic- The Tale of the Trader and the Jinni

For this one, I was not sure how to categorize it. This is a story in the One Thousand and One Nights so I put it as Arabian, but it also mentions Allah quite a lot so I included Islam. Anyways, here is the story.

One Thousand and One Nights. Not sure who the artist is. Please tell me if you know.

One Thousand and One Nights. Not sure who the artist is. Please tell me if you know.

One day, a wealthy merchant traveling through many towns stopped to eat breakfast in a garden. After eating a date, he threw the pit onto the ground and a great ifrit (infernal Jinni that are  known for being cunning and being able to fly) appeared with a sword in his hand. He told the merchant that he had to kill him for murdering his son with the date pit. The merchant tried to say that it was an accident, but the Jinni would not listen. So, the merchant begged that the Jinni not kill him till the New Year, and in that time he would fix everything to make sure that he leaves with no dept and with his family well looked after. The Jinni accepted, since the merchant made an oath to Allah that he would come back. On New Years day, after finishing what he needed, the merchant went to the garden and sat waiting. As he sobbed in fear, a Shaykh (honorific title for scholars of Islamic sciences) walked by. the old man had a gazelle with him and asked the merchant why he was weeping. The merchant shared his story and the old man stayed with him talking. After some time, a second Shakyh with two grey hounds appeared, and he too decided to stay with the merchant. Again, a third Shakyh appeared with a she-mule, and the same occurred with him. Finally, the Jinni appeared ready to kill the merchant. the first Shakyh asked the Jinni, “If I tell you the story of my gazelle and it amazes you, then give me 1/3 of this man’s blood.” And the Jinni agreed. The man told his story: He married his cousin, but she was unable to have children. So he got a concubine that bore him a beautiful boy. After many years, he left to work for a year and on his return his concubine and son were gone. His wife, who practiced dark magic, had turned them into a heifer and a calf, but lied that they had passed. When the Great Festival for Allah came around, he asked his herdsman to bring in a fat heifer for sacrifice. He brought in the concubine who cried and wept. The Shakyh refused to kill the crying cow, but the wife insisted, and it had no meat  just skin and bones. So he asked the herdsman to bring a calf, and the son was brought out. The calf ran to him and began weeping. Again, he refused to kill it, and again the wife insisted. this time (regretting the heifer), the man put his foot down and told teh herdsman to take the calf home. Once home, the herdsman’s daughter began to laugh and cry, “Why do you bring a strange man into our home?” she asked. And she explained who the calf was to her father (since she also practiced dark magic). The herdsman told his master, and the girl changed the calf back in exchange for the son’s hand in marriage and the ability to turn the evil step mother into a gazelle (for she feared she would target her next for seeing through her magic). After many years, the girl died and the son left to travel. now the old man traveled with his gazelle in search of his son. The Jinni was amazed and accepted that 1/3 of the merchant was the first Shakyh’s. The second Shakyh asked for the same opportunity and promised that his story was more amazing. His story went like this: He and his two brothers each owned a shop. Both elder brothers chose to sell their shops to travel and make more money. Each time they did, they would come back broke, and he would give them money to start over. For 6 years, they tried to persuade him to travel with them. Finally, he accepted, but found that both brothers had squandered all their money. So he gave them his, and they were off. While traveling, he was able to make 10 times more money, but they became broke quickly. He also found a ragged maiden who asked him to marry her (which he did). His brothers, jealous of his money and his new wife, decided to kill them. But the wife (who was a Jinni) flew away with her husband. She told him, she was a believer of Allah and felt compelled to marry and be with him, and now she had to kill his brothers. He begged her not to, so instead she flew him home. After fixing his store, he came home to find two grey hounds and knew instantly that they were his brothers. His wife explained that her sister had cast the spell for her, and that after 10 years she would be able to change them back for him. And so that now he was traveling to his sister-in-law’s home to change his brothers back to men. Again the Jinni was amazed and awarded the second old man a third  of the merchants blood. The third asked for the same chance and his story went thus: After traveling for a year, he came home to find his wife in bed with a slave. When she saw her husband, she cast a spell that changed him into a dog. He ran from the home and wandered until he came upon a butcher who fed him and took him in. The butcher’s daughter yelled, “Why do you bring a strange man before me?” Then she explained to her father the story of the dog (it seems these witch/magic ladies just know). She quickly changed him back into a man and taught him how to cast the same smell onto his wife. And as she slept, he changed her into a mule. And again the Jinni was amazed. Having given away all of the merchant, he could no longer kill him, and he was saved.

Hope you enjoyed!

-Blog Barista

*squeal of joy*

*squeal of joy*

Check it out here:

Translated by Burton, R. Francis. Tales from Arabian Nights. New York: Fall River press, 2012, pp. 21-31. Print.

Honest Myth:Italian- The Daughter of the Sun

sunHere is the third myth, its Italian folklore.

A king and queen waited ages trying to have a child, and finally once able they went to an astrologer to learn its faith. They were told that the baby would be born a woman, and that she was destined to bear the child of the sun before her twentieth birth day. Learning this, they locked her in a tower (best idea obviously) that was extremely high with only a window at the top, so that not even the sun could reach her at the bottom. They locked her in their with a nurse maid (who would raise her) and the nurse maid’s daughter (who was the same age as the princess). One day when the two girls were almost twenty, wondering what the outside is like, the nurse’s daughter suggested they stack chairs to reach the window. When the sun saw the Princess, he fell deeply in love and sent beams down to her and impregnated her. Afraid, the nurse took the new baby (after it was born) and left it in a bean patch. The king and queen released their daughter at her 20th birthday and never found out.

The neighboring king went hunting one day and found the baby in the bean patch. He took in the girl and raised her along with his own baby boy. The children fell in love once they grew older, and the king (against their marriage) sent the girl to live alone in a cabin. As soon as she was gone, he betrothed his son to a girl of royalty. Sugared almonds and a message of the wedding were sent to all people in the kingdom. When the messenger knocked on the cabin, she answered the door with out a head (as she was brushing her hair and had left it on the dresser).Replacing her head, she invited the messenger into her home and began preparing a gift for the newly weds. She commanded the oven to open (and it did) and commanded the wood to go into the oven (which it did). When the food was done, she went into the oven to fetch it, and came out with a pie. No one believed the messenger, but the bride was jealous. She said she was also able to do those things. So the groom told her to demonstrate. None of the commands were successful and half way into the oven, she burned to death. The prince took another bride, and again a messenger was sent to tell the news to all. When they got to the girl’s cottage, she came through the wall and greeted them (since the door could not open). She commanded the skillet to heat up on the top of the stove and then stuck her fingers into the oil, turning them into fried fish. Wrapping them up (with her new fingers), she gave them as a gift to the newly weds. Again the bride was jealous and again she died in the attempt. The prince took a third bride and the messenger was sent to the cabin. When they came by, the girl was taking a stroll in the spiderwebs. She commanded a knife to go to her, and used it to cut off her ear. Pulling it, she pulled out a long roll of golden lace from her head. Again no one believed the messenger, and again the the jealous bride died attempting the same magic. The prince was so in love with the girl, that he began to become very sick, and no one could cure him. A sorceress told them the only cure was to feed him pap made from barley that was made, sown, grown, and reaped all within an hour. the frantic king went to the magical girl for help, and she made the pap as requested. She gave it to the son, who spit it up and hit her face with the pap. In anger, she said, ” You dare spit in the face of the Sun’s daughter and granddaughter of a king.” Astonished, the king allowed her to marry his son, and after that day she lost all her magic.

Hope you enjoyed,

-Blog Barista

Calvino, Halo. Italian Folk Tales. New York: Harcourt Brace Jouanovich, 1980, pp. 269-272. Print.

1100

Honest Myth:Japanese- The Spirit of the Peony

So here is the second myth. Its simple, but kind of sad and pretty in a way. I really liked it, and I hope you all do as well.

jesus_buddha

Princess Aya was arranged to marry the second son of Lord Ako. One night the Princess walked through her great garden with her handmaids. She lingered near her favorite peony bed, and while sniffing them, she tripped. A handsome man, with a robe embroidered with peonies, caught her from hitting the floor, but he vanished before she could thank him. Princess Aya quickly became sick, and the handmaid told the king it was because the Princess was in love with the samurai. Each night great performers tried to cheer up the Princess, and each night the young samurai would appear, listening and watching the celebration. One night the King sent Mika Hiogo to lay hidden in the peonies. When the samurai appeared, Hiogo grabbed the samurai. A cloud emanated from the man causing Hiogo to become dizzy and pass out. When he woke, he held a large peony instead of a man. The Princess took the peony and put it by her bed. Each day, the flower grew bigger, and the girl became healthier. Finally, the wedding took place, and at that hour the peony suddenly died.

Hope you enjoyed,

-Blog Barista

So Kewt

So Kewt

I got this myth from a book:

Davis, F. Hadland. Myths and Legends of Japan. New York: Dover Publication Inc., 1992, pp. 171-173. Print.

Honest Myth:Buddhism/Christianity- Three Temptations

Hello everyone. Sorry for how long it has been since the last post. I hoped that as summer came along I would get the time to do more, but sadly I had to take classes this summer and have been unable to. So today, I have chosen to post up many myths that I looked up lately. I hope you enjoy the variation in these. Sadly, there is no correlation or theme between them though.

This first post is just a comparison between Jesus and Buddha, and their trials that tested them before reaching their divine levels.

I saw this picture on the cover of a book called: I See Buddha in Jesus-Years in Kashmir . But I am not sure who the artist is. Please tell me if you know.

I saw this picture on the cover of a book called: I See Buddha in Jesus-Years in Kashmir . But I am not sure who the artist is. Please tell me if you know.

  • Jesus

1. Stone to Bread (Desire of the body)- Jesus was brought into the wilderness (a desert) by the Spirit. He was there to meditate and ponder over what God wanted of him. There he fasted for 40 days and 40 nights, and the Devil came to him and told him that as the son of God, he could easily change the stone to bread, ending his plight. Jesus then responded, “One does not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds from the mouth of God.”

2. On Top of the Temple (Fear)- The Devil then brought Jesus to the top of a temple in the Holy City, and told him to throw himself off the pinnacle to prove himself the son of God, for ‘He shall give his angels charge over thee (Jesus), to keep thee: And in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone.’ (Basically, Jesus would always be saved, because God had told the angels to protect him). Jesus responds saying, “You shall not put the Lord, your God, to the test.”

3. Top of the Mountain (Cultural)- Satan then brings Jesus to the top of a mountain where all the Kingdoms could be seen. He promised to him (Jesus) that if Jesus worshiped him (Satan), then he would get the world. Jesus refused saying, “Get away! The Lord, your God, shall you worship him and him alone you serve.” Satan tempts Jesus with the power to rule the Earth and over throw the Romans. He gives him a chance to rule and do the things he wants to for the Earth, but in a way where he goes against God (or at least that is my interpretation).

These temptations occurred before Jesus was baptized.

  • Buddha

1. Daughters (Desire of the Body)- Mara, the demon who personifies unwholesome impulses and death of spiritual life, sent his three daughters (Tanha=Desire, Aarath=Aversion, and Raga=Passion) to Buddha. Mara usually tempts humans by making the mundane alluring so that they forget to practice their spiritual duties. His daughters attempted to seduce Gautama with their feminine wiles. Coming in many forms and guises, they danced and sang, but Gautama told them that he was beyond temptation of the body and they should return to their father.

2. Army (Fear)- Mara then threatened Buddha with a vast army. He planned to strike him with his army, and Siddhartha, unmoved, said, “Mere numbers do not make the strength of the army. The sun can outshine a myriad of glow worms. If wisdom is the source of power, a single hero can defeat countless soldiers.” The army advanced (with monstrous beings that have lion heads, rhino horns, wearing human skulls, and so on).  Mara tried to frighten him with earth shaking, uprooting trees, and devastating villages, but arrows became flowers when shot at him and light aura around him became his shield. In fear, the army ran.

3. Duty (Cultural)- As a last attempt, Mara then tried to tempt Buddha with his varna duty. Buddha was born to the Hindu community, where dharma (meaning social duty in Hindi and truth in Buddhism) is so important that it makes up a major part of achieving Moksha (freedom from Samsara). Your duty to society is based on which social order you were born into. Mara tempted to guilt Buddha by telling him that he failed his family and society by leaving and not doing his duty as a prince (leader), a father, a son, and a husband. (Dharma is a little more complicated than this, but I think this is good for now, just to understand a little). But Buddha continued to meditate and ignored Mara knowing this was not Truth.

This occurred during his meditation and before his enlightenment.

Here are some sites to check out:

http://www.epistle.us/articles/jesustemptation.html

http://www.sacred-texts.com/bud/lob/lob21.htm

Hope you enjoyed this!

-Blog Barista

10

Honest Myth:Buddhism- Disciples

I am finally free! The second semester of sophomore year is now officially over, and I am finally free of most of the stress I was under (though not completely). Anyways, this was  supposed to be February’s post, but now I have the chance to post it. I have so many things that I plan to do soon, so hopefully it will all pan out well. For now, lets just take a look at the ten disciples of Buddha. Between you and me, this was a little more difficult then the apostles. Mostly because one man could have so many titles and names, and the number of Buddha’s disciples is not one hundred percent uniform. When Buddha first attempted to enlightenment, he went about it in the same manner as most Hindus (his original religion, much like how Jesus was Jewish). Once Buddha changed his path to the ‘Buddhist’ way of obtaining Nirvana, many of the ascetics he was with denounced him, but later they became his first disciples

  1. Morning Commute by Jon Sheer

    Morning Commute by Jon Sheer

    Sariputra (General of Dharma or Truth) – The top master of wisdom, he was born to a Brahmin scholar and a became a great scholar as well. He left his teacher, thinking that no person was capable or qualified to teaching him. After being brought to meet the Buddha, he made a Bodhisattva’s Vow and said he was willing to give all his property away including his body. One day a Deva (god like being) pretended to be a little boy, and begged Sariputra for a monk’s eye to save his ill mother. Sariputra gave the boy his left eye, but the boy requested his right instead. Sariputra gave to him his right eye, and the Deva granted him divine vision for keeping his vow. Sariputra later brought the disciple Mogallana to meet the Buddha.

  2. Mogallana (Arahant) – The top master of supernatural powers. He and Sariputra left their previous teacher together. He gained super human abilities through his enlightenment and used it to give advice to others. In his past life, he was said to have killed many people including his own family. For that reason, he refused to use his supernatural abilities from heretics, and he was killed in an extremely brutal fashion.
  3. Kasapa (First to preach Buddha’s Teachings) – The top master of ascetic training . He married a woman named Subhara and both wanted to lead religious lives. So he went out to find a teacher so that he and his wife could renounce the world together, and together (as she joined the order of the nuns for Buddha), they reached enlightenment. One day he met an old sick woman who was so poor, she drank dirty water thrown out by the rich. Kassapa visited her in hopes to help her, but she had nothing that she could give to him (since to collect good karma one must give items to monks who own nothing). He told her that she did not need to give him material goods, but that she could give alms and follow the Buddha. She felt over joyed with happiness and dies, being reborn as a beautiful Deva and sprinkled flower petals over him.
  4. Upali (Sudra) – The top master of precepts and creator of his own school of thought known as Vinya. He was a court barber of the lowest caste (in the Varna system). As he was cutting the Buddha’s hair, Upali’s mother asked the Buddha how were her son’s skills. The Buddha pointed out Upali’s crooked stance and shallow breathing. By learning to control his intake of breath, Upali was able to control his mind. He later became an Arahant, and though he was a Sudra, Upali was ranked above the seven princes who joined later.
  5. Rahula (the hindrance and son of Gautama) – Rahula was the only son of the Buddha (conceived when he was still a prince and married). He was named hindrance because he symbolized the difficulty to leave behind his family. He was the first Samanera (novice monk) to be ordained as a minor. This occurred because he asked his father for his inheritance, and the Buddha wished to give his knowledge . Rahula became a teacher of Dharma and enlightened at the age of 18 (ten years after asking for his inheritance). He was a very shrewd and strict follower. He made sure to stay in the background so as to avoid being accused of taking advantage of his position as son of Buddha.
  6. Ananda (Most beloved) – Ananda was a cousin of the Buddha and his name means great delight. He was the Buddha’s personal attendant, and he did not need to develop the qualities to meditate and study for enlightenment. He was selfless, having unchanging kindness to all people and worked to teach the Buddha’s knowledge to all including the future generations. He strived to help all people, even though he was busy constantly serving Buddha (who he served so as to free him to teach more). He was the first to request nuns to be ordained. He sympathized with the women and taught them indiscriminately. He lived to be 120 years old.
  7. Anuruddha (Seer of divine eye) – He was the half brother to Ananda and cousin to Buddha. At first he refused to give up his life of luxury, but after he learned the responsibilities of a king, he gave up his luxury in a heart beat. With his divine eye, he could see 1000 world systems (galaxy), each with only 31 planets that inhabited life. He struggled most to reach the level of Arahant because of three obstructions. One: he felt he should have been enlightened now that he had the divine eye. Two: he was too aware at how well he meditated and felt agitated. Three: Felt he should be an Arahant by this point. Later the Buddha helped him to move beyond these obstructions to become enlightened.
  8. Katyayana (Brahmin) – A chaplain to a king. he invited the Buddha because his violently tempered king desired to meet the Buddha. He became a monk to the Buddha and when he went back to the king, he inspired the king and the town’s folk to follow the teachings of Buddha. he was the foremost able to take a short verse from Buddha, decipher a great meaning and explain in simple terms. He was very analytical person and organized as well and used this to help the lay understand Buddha’s teachings.
  9. Bakkula (Two castes) – When he was born, his very rich parents lost him, and instead he was found and raised by rach merchants who found him within a beautiful fish. After some time, his parents found him once more and the two families raised him together. He had the knowledge of a physician and never became sick, living to become over 160 years old.
  10. Sivali (Fore most requisites) – His mother was a queen who struggled to give birth. So the Buddha blessed her birth, and she was able to have Sivali leave her stomach. Their struggle was caused by their past lives, where Sivali was a great King and his mother was his consort. Together they waged many wars and destroyed many lives. He had many past lives where he then did only good deeds.

So there we go, those are the ten disciples of Buddha. If you wish to know more, tihs website is fantastic: www.budsas.org/ebud/rdbud/rdbud-01.htm

Beautiful Naruto art

Beautiful Naruto art

Honest Myth:Hindi- Purusha

So, I have been taking a Religion course that focuses on East Asian Traditions, and today was the first day where we actually talked about a specific religion. We focuses on Hinduism, and I learned so much (it has become much less confusing to be honest). I learned about Brahman, and Brahma (who is super cool), and about the deities and the caste system, and so on and so forth. Though I find my teacher very boring, I greatly look forward to this class and the future classes I plan on taking (primarily Buddhism and Christianity). Anyways, this particular story was interesting and short so I figured I would write a quick post on it. It is hard to find pictures for this, so I won’t put any. But if anyone has one you would like to share please tell me.

Purusha was a premordial being who sacrificed himself for the creation of man (his body parts became man). The concept of the caste system was said to originated from this story. When he was sacrificed, his head became the priest (Brahmin), his strong arms became the warriors (Kshatriya), his quick legs became merchants (Vaishya), and his feet became the laborers (Shudra). These are the varnas or the caste system. Good karma (action) by doing your duties. And this brings you closer to moksha (release) to escape Samsara (cycle).

He was the sacrificial victim of the Gods, whose body became all life forms in the universe (including some Gods). He was the single cosmic man. Originally the varnas were equally respected with people doing the duty (dharma) of their varna. From his mind came the moon, his eye the sun, and his mouth made Indra and Agni. He had one thousand heads, one thousand eyes, and one thousand feet.

Well, that was some of the stuff I learned. Hope you guys enjoyed this and have a good week.

Check out more here: http://www.girardianlectionary.net/res/hindu_creation.htm

-Blog Barista

So cute, I am jealous.

So cute, I am jealous.

Honest Myth:Christian- Apostles

Saint.Young.Men.full.1596692

Andrew and Peter from Saint Young Men

So this was supposed to be last week’s post, but I seem to have gotten real behind on the stuff I was supposed to do. I have an organic chemistry test this Friday, along with a statistic test. TheBetterCup has like four tests, and I cannot remember what they are for the life of me. This week has also been hectic in other ways. We started running in October and now we run everyday for like 50 minutes, and so a friend and the two of us signed up to run our first 5K. I am so excited but the training drains a little time. After this we can aim for a 10K. I have also been swamped with volunteer opportunities (some of which did not pan out all that well). But I will try to continue posting weekly just for my sanity. So here I present the Apostles. TheBetterCup and I spent a good 5 hours researching them, which was a lot of fun, and this is what we cam up with.

  1.  Peter (Originally known as Simon) was a fisherman and one who brought people to Jesus (a fisher of men). He was the leader of the apostle. He healed a forty year old man, who was crippled from birth, by saying ‘Silver and gold I do not have, but what I have to give you, in the name of Jesus Christ of Nazerath: walk.’ He was one of the three pillars of the Church. His ministry was primarily to the Jews. The Denial of Peter: When Jesus was being arrested, following them as Jesus was being taken away, Peter denied being with or knowing Jesus three times. Jesus allowed the Devil to tempt Peter with fear (making him a coward that denied his lord) to allow Peter to learn of his weaknesses. When he was to be crucified, he asked to be crucified head downwards for he was not worthy to die like his Lord. That upside down cross with crossed keys became Peter’s apostolic symbols.
  2. Andrew (Brother of Peter) was the first disciple of Christ and brought Peter to Jesus. His main goal was to bring others to Jesus (also a fisher of men). His ministry was to the Greeks, and that is where he went to preach. He was tied to a cross, and lived two days preaching to others before dyeing. Not wanting to be crucified like Jesus, he asked for an x-shaped cross. His apostolic symbol is an x-shaped cross with two fish.
  3. James (The Greater) was the first apostle to become a martyr (first to die). He and his brother, John, were called ‘Brothers of Thunder’ by Jesus. He was one of the few people who witnessed the rising of the daughter of Jairus, the transfiguration on Mt. Tabor, and Jesus’s agony at the Garden of Gethsemane. His mother was Salome (the one who danced the Dance of the Seven Veils for Herod and a possible sister of Mary). he preached in Spain. James saved a drowning knight, by covering his body in sea shells which allowed him to stay afloat and come back to land. He is the saint of warriors and knights. His symbol includes three shells (because of the story) and a sword (because he is a saint to warriors and because he was beheaded with a sword).
  4. John (Brother of James) was the last Apostle to die and one of two that was not a martyr. He died of natural causes at the ripe old age of about 180 (supposedly). He was exiled to to the Cave of Apocalypse where he was given the text of the Book of Revelation. he continued to build churches to the east in Asia. His symbol is a chalice with a snake in the cup, because so many attempts were made on his life. This includes one where he drank from a poisoned chalice but was miraculously spared.  He was also one of the pillars of the church. John was rash, impetuous, and very impassioned. He mellowed out over time and lost his explosive temper by old age. Because of this he became the Apostle of Love where he symbolized a balance between love and zeal.
  5. Philip was the only one that was not brought to Jesus. Instead, Jesus came to him and said to him “Follow me” He was the practical and logical Apostle. In the feeding of 5’000, Jesus asked him where they could find bread for everyone. Philip answered that did not have enough money to feed them all (this was a test of his faith which he failed). His symbol is of a basket with loaves of bread and a cross. He was warm hearted, pessimistic, shy, naive, and sober minded. He was the one all about ‘seeing is believing’. In some text, he was hung, crucified, or stoned. He requested his body to be wrapped in papyrus not linen (like Jesus). He went to Syria to pass on the words of Jesus.
  6. Bartholomew (Also called Nathaniel) was one of the only disciples to be of royal blood/noble birth. He went to India and most of Asia Minor to spread Christianity. he was flayed alive with knives, and his symbol is three parallel knives. Philip went to Bartholomew and told him that he found the messiah. Bartholomew then asked “what good comes from Nazareth?” To which Phillip replied, “come and see.”
  7. The Incredulity of Saint Thomas by Caravaggio (1602).

    The Incredulity of Saint Thomas by Caravaggio (1602).

    Thomas (Sometimes called Didymus) was one who had faith based on touch (while Philip had to see it to believe it. So they basically represent the ways people choose not to believe/types of proof they need). He was always a little doubting , but was courageous and told other to follow no matter what. Jesus was resurrected and went to the Apostles, but Thomas, who did not see him come up, did not believe them. He would only believe if he could touch the five holy wounds. Jesus let him, but told him that he should believe with out physical proof. He died by being speared by the priests in India. His symbol has spears, arrows, and stones (since he was shot with arrows and stoned before the priests killed him).

  8. Matthew (Also known as Levi) was a tax collector (which at the time everyone hated tax collector who were considered sinful outcasts). He brought many outcasts to Jesus who showed them love no matter what. Matthew means gift of God. Jesus found him at a tax collectors post and told him ‘Follow me.’ In this case, unlike Philip, Matthew was not sought out he just so happened to pass him. Matthew got up and did just that. Because he was the only one who knew how to write, he was the first to write Jesus’s teachings. His symbol is that of bags of money to show that he was a tax collector. Before meeting Jesus, he thought money was the only important thing in the world. He never wavered and was very committed to Jesus. He died in Ethiopia after humiliating a King in front of all his followers (he was right and it was awesome how he did it too), stabbed in the back by a sword. He is said to be Collector of the Souls (like how the first four were Fisher of Men).
  9. James (The Lesser) was said to be either brother to Jude or to Matthew and had some familial connections to Jesus. He witnessed the Resurrection and is a pillar of the church. he went to Egypt and Palestine to spread the word of God. He had a strong character and was described as fiery (also called James the Just). He became Bishop of Jerusalem. James was also a hardcore worshiper (seems to be the trend with the Jameses) who never bathed, was a virgin, never ate meat, and prostrated till his forehead and knees were calloused like camel hooves. The Jews got mad, pushed him off the temple, but he rose to beg God to forgive them. he was then beaten by fullers bats and his body was sawed into pieces. his symbol is the saw.
  10. Jude (Brother of James ≤) was the only one to ask Jesus, during the Last Supper, why he did not show himself to the whole world after his resurrection. He stressed that man should persevere and thus people invoke him when they are in desperate situations, Many confused him for Judas (because of the name and that is why he is often forgotten mostly in middle ages). It was said that he was killed by an axe in Persia. His symbol is boat (because of all his missionary work). He was given the cloth with Jesus’s face (it wiped off on to it like in Saint Young Men), so as to cure leprosy of the King.
  11. Simon (The Zealot) preached in Egypt and Persia. He accompanied Jude and died with him. He was the bridegroom at a wedding where Jesus turned the water into wine. After witnessing his holiness, he became a zealous follower. He was crucified when he died and his symbol is of a fish lying on a bible.
  12. Judas (The Traitor) is said to have given Jesus up to the Roman’s for 30 pieces of silver (which in Saint Young Men, Jesus makes an allusion to that which is super funny. When they were hard for cash, he suggested sacrificing himself to be sold. He then said, “I have heard that I am worth 30 pieces of silver at the least”). Judas later hung himself out of guilt. He is the only Apostle who was not a Galallian or Galilean (I am not sure which spelling is right, I have seen both), and he was the carrier of the purse or the treasurer of the group. In some versions, Judas takes the initiative to to betray Jesus. In others, the devil takes over him and makes him betray Jesus. In others (not as common), it is said that he was asked to do this so as to allow Jesus to die for man’s sin (so Jesus would have asked). In these, it is said that Jesus dipped the bread and gave it to Judas and only then could the Devil enter him. Jesus then old him to do what he had to do quickly. This part has been interpreted as a foreshadow to his deeds. His symbol is that of a noose (because he hung himself).

Well this was a very lost post. I really hope you guys enjoyed this and learned something new, I know we did. James the Lesser and Andrew have got to be some of my favorites. Anyways, I hope everyone has a good week, and I will try to post one more this week before the weekend comes. I also have one last anime post, but I will do that maybe Saturday. Things tend to get busy with school, volunteer work, running, and with my job, but I always try to make a small amount of time for my mythology and anime hobbies.

-Blog Barista

tumblr_ncrz9sO93T1rb9a6wo1_500

I felt this way around Friday last week.

 

Honest Myth:Norse- Jack Frost

collagefrost2It is after Christmas and New Years is steadily coming our way. This part of the season is always so strange, it feels almost like I am on a roller coaster and the cart is suspended in the air right before the drop. I know that after the New Years the days will pass very fast and school will begin again. I really don’t look forward to the new semester, but oh well. This was supposed to be the last post of the Holiday Marathon, but I figured i may add more.

Jack Frost is a form of Old Man Winter and a personification of snow, ice, and frosty weather, and the creator of the odd fern like patterns found on cold windows. He is said to be the one who ‘nips’ nose, toes, and other extremities in freezing weather. Usually he is depicted as holding a paint brush and paint so as to change the colors of the leaves in the autumn. Mostly he is an older kind man, but very rarely he is a young mischievous boy.

In Russia, he is equivalent to Grandfather Frost, a blacksmith who forges chains that is used to hold the Earth to water. In Germany, he is connected to Old Mother Frost, an old woman who shakes out feathered blankets to create snow.

Jack Frost is supposedly a modern twist to the name Jokul Frosti a sprite or elf connected to the Frost Giants. His father is Kari, God of the Winds.

-Blog Barista

haahahahaha

haahahahaha

Honest Myth:Christian- Santa Claus

I have been cooped up in my room for days now playing the Sims4. I had no idea what day it was, and I have completely lost track of my usual daily habits. It is weird how something like that can occur, but oh well. Anyways, Merry Christmas guys!!! I hope you all had a great day with your family. I know that today’s myth is nothing knew to all of y’all, but I figured it would not hurt to take it easy today. It was either this or a story of Jesus, but I chose the easier path. Enjoy the post of Santa Claus! If you know who the artists of the photos are, please tell me.

Santa-Gifts1Santa Claus is also known as Father Christmas or Kris Kringle, and he usually connected to Saint Nicholas. The name Kris Kringle is believed to originate from Christkind. Christkind is a spirit created by Martin Luther who was attempting to differentiate his church from Catholicism and created this spirit/angel to take the place of Saint Nicholas as patron of children.

Many songs, poems, and stories added to the depiction of Santa Claus, creating the modern idea of what Santa Claus looks and acts like.

He is depicted as a portly man with rosy cheeks , white beard and mustache, spectacles (not so much lately) and a red coat and cap. His name comes from Sinterklaas, a Dutch figure, and it is believed that Santa Claus is a mixture of Sinterklaas and the English named Father Christmas.

Santa Claus gives gifts to all the good children and is known to go around the entire globe in one night, in a sleigh pulled by 8 (9 if you include Rudolph) reindeer. He lives in the North Pole with his wife and a throng of elves who help manufacture the presents for the children each year.

I love Christmas, but sometimes it feels like the Holiday season is this really shallow and materialistic celebration of nothing. I loved it as a child because it was a warm and magical time, but now that I am older I really can see that it is nothing but this commercialized time with out the bonding and kindness that it felt like. Each year I try harder to try and recreate a much more wonderful Christmas feeling, but I am not sure how. I think it is through traditions, family gathering, and ignoring all the propaganda for buying gifts. Sorry for this long paragraph, it was not very happy go lucky. I just wanted to stress the importance of celebrating more then the gifts.

Merry Christmas!!!

-Blog Barista

On Comet!

On Comet!

Honest Myth:Christian- St. Nicholas

nikolaus1-wmaster

Vintage card from Switzerland

 

It is Christmas Eve!! I hope every one is having a very fantastic holiday season right now. I love this time of year. I am not a fan of the whole commercialized celebration (all about presents and money), but I really enjoy the whole religious and familial aspects. Anyways let us get on with this.

St. Nicholas was a Greek man born in Patara of Asia Minor. He was the son of a wealthy family but both of his parents died in an epidemic while he was still young. He was instead raised by an uncle who was connected to the church. Afterwards as an adult, he became Bishop of Myra, dedicated his life to God, and gave all his inheritance to those less fortunate. He was greatly revered (called a saint while alive) and called the wonder-worker.

In one legend, he was the saint who saved the three young boys from the butcher (see: http://www.espressocomsaudade.wordpress.com/2014/12/23/honest-mythfrench-pere-fouettard/). He brought them to life by praying to God.

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St Nicholas card from Ukraine

In another legend, a family with only three daughters could not afford dowries. With out money or marriage, the girls would never get married and would most likely become prostitutes. Either out of modesty, or so as not to humiliate them, he secretly threw three gold purses through the window one night. In one version, the daughters left their stockings to dry in the fireplace above the embers. He dropped the purses down the chimney, and they landed in the socks.

For this third story, the land of Myra was in a great famine. A ship delivering wheat to the Emperor stopped by the port. He asked them to leave some wheat behind. At first, the sailors disagreed (for the wheat was meant for the Emperor), but they finally agreed. They left behind two years worth of food, and when they arrived, they found that amount did not change.

Saint Nicholas is Patron of Children

To learn more go here: www.stnicholascenter.org/pages/who-is-st-nicholas/

I hope you enjoyed this!

-Blog Barista

eww....

eww….

Honest Myth:French- Pere Fouettard

Pere Noel and Pere Fouettard

Pere Noel and Pere Fouettard

Alright guys! It is day five of this holiday themed myth marathon and it is two days till Christmas!! I don’t know about you all, but I am so excited. This is the first year that I had a legit job (outside of the school), and so I actually bought gifts for my loved ones with my own hard earned cash. I am just most excited for them to see them open the gifts. Anyways, this particular story I learned in French class during high school, but I never looked it up till now. Finding a good photo was hard, but here you go.

Pere Fouettard is a companion of Saint Nicholas, who goes around with St. Nick on St. Nicholas Day (December 6). Fouettard gives lump of coals and whips naughty children while Pere Noel gives gifts. His name, Pere Fouettard, means something along the line of Father Whipper.

Fouettard’s appearance is described to be an older man with a sinister face. He wears a dark robe, has an unkempt black beard, and carries a whip/stick/switch. His face is also usually darkened with soot.

Legend states that Fouettard was a butcher originally. During a famine, three boys went searching for food and ended up lost. They found the home of the butcher and asked him for the night’s shelter. The butcher agreed and then chopped up the children into many pieces. He planned to sell their meat and make more money. St. Nicholas then arrived, and he brought the boys back to life. The butcher repents, and begs Nick to allow him to make up for his crimes. So, he became Saint Nicholas’s companion, serving out of loyalty and gratitude.

Learn more here: http://www.chuck.hubpages.com/hub/Father-Christmas-and-His-Assistant-Pere-Fouettard-

-Blog Barista

Vixen: a female fox or a very foxy female ;)

Vixen: a female fox or a very foxy female 😉

 

Honest Myth:American- The Princess that Wore a Rabbit Skin Dress

This is not part of the Holiday themed marathon. Instead, I had this myth lying around and figured it would be nice to write a buttload of posts now before school comes back again. Anyways I think that this will be an enjoyable myth for everyone so here it is. It is an American folklore, what I mean by this is that the myth is from the United States (but from any Amerindian tribes).

There are many myths that seem extremely similar to this one including Allerlerauh, and many of the components may be a mixture of them.

If you know who the artist is please leave a comment down below.

If you know who the artist is please leave a comment down below.

A woman married her third husband, the King of the country, he was very abusive and soon she became very sick. He promised her he would not marry again unless the next woman was as beautiful as her. After her death, he search everywhere for a woman suitable to marry, but could find no one. He soon realized that the only woman who qualified was his wife’s young daughter (in some versions she is the child of either the first or second husband, but for some he is her legit father. Which, I find a little disturbing).

To avoid the marriage with her father (or step father) the young princess asked him for a special wedding gift. She asked for a silver dress like the moon, a dress with pearls and diamonds that was dazzling like the stars, and a golden shimmering dress like the sun. The first took one year and six months to make, the second two years and six months, and the last took three years and six months. Lastly, once all was made, she asked for a homely dress/coat made of rabbit fur (or of a mixture of different animal furs, but what is important is that it is a poor looking piece of clothing that she can wear over an outfit for warmth). The night before the wedding, she took a golden ring, a spindle, and a reel, and left her home on her mare. The young princess lived in the neighboring forest until she was found by the Prince of the Kingdom near by, as he went hunting.

She was given a job in the kitchen, and all the staff ridiculed her by telling her that all she needs are rabbit ears to become a true rabbit. The prince held a ball and she sneaked to the dance dressed in her silver dress. The prince fell in love with her, and next morning she slipped the golden ring into his soup. When he asked the staff, everyone denied having placed the ring in his food (including the girl in the rabbit skin dress). For the next ball, the young princess went again dressed in her pearl and diamond dress and spoke to him all night. The next day, she slipped the spindle into his food again. Yet still, the prince could not find the culprit. For the third dance, she went in her shimmering gold dress and danced all night with the prince. As they danced, he placed the ring onto her finger with out her noticing, and he also made the ball last a little longer than usual.

Because of this, the girl had to hurry to the kitchen and did not get enough time to change. So she threw her rabbit skin dress over the gold and prepared the prince’s soup. When she handed him the food, he caught her hand and found the ring on her finger. She pulled away in shock and her rabbit skin dressed slipped slightly, revealing a peak of her golden dress. He pulled the mantle off, and her dress was exposed. Knowing her identity, they married and lived happily ever after.

Learn more here: www.sacred-texts.com/neu/grimm/ht27.htm

-Blog Barista

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